RSS

Monthly Archives: December 2013

Wounds or Cuts avoid stitches use Super Glue

Can you use Super Glue to close cuts!!!

This article is for information only and not a medical advice. Please consult your doctor for medical advice.

During the Vietnam War, emergency medics began using the all-purpose glue to seal battle wounds in troops headed for surgery. The glue was so good at stemming bleeding that it was credited with saving many lives.

Nowadays, professional athletes often close small cuts with Super Glue or similar products to get back in the game in a hurry. The glues are also used by veterinarians, and many people keep a tube around the house to help them out of a medical pinch. It is believed that the glues — made from the chemical cyanoacrylate — not only stop bleeding quickly, but also lead to less scarring.

So should you keep some Super Glue in the medicine cabinet? Probably not, experts say. Studies show that although the glue can be useful in emergencies, it can also irritate the skin, kill cells and cause other side effects, particularly when used on deep wounds.

Wound adhesives are generally only used on minor wounds, no more than 5cm and with straight edges. Do not attempt to use glue on the following:

  • wounds on the face
  • wounds where the skin flexes or over joints
  • wounds with uneven or jagged edges
  • deep wounds
  • wounds that are bleeding
  • infected wounds
  • animal bites
  • puncture wounds
  • ulcers
  • dirty wounds

All Super Glues are not the same.

“Super Glue” or Cyanoacrylate (CA) is an acrylic resin which rapidly polymerises in the presence of water. The principle component of commercial CAs (SuperGlue, Krazy Glue, Loctite) is either methy-2-cyanoacrylate or ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate, the original forms of CA developed in 1942 by Kodak Laboratories. (The discovery was made whilst investigating potential, high clarity, acrylics for the use in gun sights. Whilst not suitable for this application CA was quickly identified as a fast acting, low shear strength adhesive.)

During the Vietnam war it was used in field surgery with good effect, however, despite the promising results it was not approved by the Unites States Food and Drug Administration due to the unknown toxicity and two significant side effects during the polymerization process:

  1. The curing process creates an exothermic reaction (heat) which can cause further tissue damage.
  2. The process releases cyanoacetate and formaldehyde – both irritants to the eyes, nose, throat and lungs.

Medical Glue

To overcome these harmful issues, new CAs were developed with the express purpose of use in surgery. 2-octyl cyanoacrylate(Derma+flex® QS™, SurgiSeal, FloraSeal and Dermabond) causes less skin irritation and increased flexibility and strength compared to traditional ‘Super Glue’. In 1998 the US FDA approved 2-octyl cyanoacrylate for the closure of wounds and surgical incision and in 2001 was approved as “barrier against common bacterial microbes including certain staphylococci, pseudomonads, and Escherichia coli”.

n-butyl cyanoacrylate wound adhesives are available under the trade names: LiquiBand®, Histoacryl, Indermil, GluStitch, GluShield, andPeriacryl (dental adhesive)

Octyl ester, while providing a weaker bond, are more flexible. Butyl esters provide stronger bond, but are rigid.

A cheaper alternative…Veterinary Glues

If you are looking for something for your personal first aid kit and don’t fancy spending £120 on 6 x 5ml vials of Derma Bond, veterinary glues are commercially available as a happy compromise; not licensed for use on humans but essentially the same stuff in a different wrapper.

2-octyl cyanoacrylate Surgi-Lock and Nexaband
n-butyl cyanoacrylate VetGluVetbond and LiquiVet

Here are some videos:

SurgiSeal

derma-flex

Advertisements
 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 29, 2013 in health, trends

 

Finance And Economics Comparison

Economics and finance are both business degrees. The difference is 5 or 6 classes taken at the end of college.

Here is a brief comparison…

Management Profession economists are hired as consultants by private and public sector. Finance is managed by individuals in families or by banks or other institutions.
Related Courses Philosophy of Economics, Laws and Economics, Political Economics. Accountancy, Chartered Financial Analyst and other
Definition Economics is a social science that studies the management of goods and services, including the production and consumption and the factors affecting them. Finance is the science of managing funds keeping in mind the time, cash at hand and the risk involved.
Branches Branches of economics include macro and micro economics. Branches of finance include personal finance, corporate finance and public finance.

Although they are often taught and presented as very separate disciplines, economics and finance are interrelated and inform and influence each other. Investors care about these studies because they also influence the markets to a great degree. Here we take a look at finance and economics, what they can teach investors and how they differ.

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 26, 2013 in banks, business, economy, education

 

ozymandias

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 23, 2013 in Uncategorized

 

Subrata Roy : Will he keep his multi billion dollar empire?

Over the past 35 years, Roy has built an empire that Sahara valued at $11 billion at the end of 2012. It owns properties such as New York’s Plaza Hotel, London’s Grosvenor House and at least 120 companies, including television stations, a hospital, a dairy farm, retail shops selling everything from detergents to diamonds and a 42.5 percent stake in India’s Formula One racing team. Sahara also owns 14,600 hectares (36,000 acres) of land, an area the size of Liechtenstein.

Subrata_Roy_Sahara

While Roy says his personal wealth amounts to less than $1 million, if the assets of the closely held group, including the Mercedes-Benz S350 he’s chauffeured around in, were counted as his own, he’d be the fifth-richest man in India, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

He joined a struggling lending company called Sahara Finance in 1978. Roy took over the firm and has changed its deposit-collection model at least six times as regulation tightened. Today, he supervises 1.1 million employees working out of 4,512 offices across the country.

Sahara, which means “support” in Hindi, collects sums as small as 20 rupees (32 cents) a day from rickshaw pullers, laundry washers and tire repairmen. Agents working for the company on commission promise to return an agreed-upon amount after a specified period — sometimes enough accumulated savings to pay for a daughter’s wedding or a plot of land. Roy says he performs a critical service, which he calls “parabanking,” his term for shadow banking.

read more from bloomberg

 

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 6, 2013 in business, investing

 

Tags: ,

A spoonful of honey before sleep can do wonders …

I started eating honey (1 tablespoon) at bedtime. My sleep  clearly improved, even with 1 teaspoon. I felt more rested when I awoke and more rested throughout the day. The improvement happened night after night.

One evening I didn’t eat the honey on an empty stomach. I told a friend about it. He took 1 tablespoon at bedtime. His sleep immediately improved by a large amount. He stopped waking up in the middle of the night and stopped needing a nap in the afternoon.

Another friend has tried it once (so far). “When I woke up the next morning,” she wrote, “I’d realised I’d slept all the way through the night without waking up in the early morning (a nice change) but had a terrible case of the jitters (a not-so-nice change).”

A third friend tried it twice. She slept better the first night but not the second. Maybe she failed to eat it on an empty stomach or had too many sweets during the day.

Stuart King, an Australian musician in his thirties, recently commented:

 

Most days I wake up feeling more tired than when I went to bed the night before, however I find that if I take up to a tablespoon [15 ml] of raw honey immediately before bed I almost always wake up feeling totally refreshed. I’ve suffered from low energy, brain fog, fatigue and sore muscles for years. I tried eliminating food groups (dairy, grains, nightshades, etc) but that didn’t fix the problems (although wheat has been problematic) but taking the honey did. I usually sleep without any problems that I’m aware of — even if I awaken feeling unrefreshed I will still sleep through the night and won’t awaken early or whatever, but the crucial thing is I feel rested when I wake up, if I get that right I can even eat bad food and feel good all day. I tried coconut oil and coconut oil combined with honey but they didn’t work.

Read the rest of story..

 
 

“follow your passion” can be bad advice!!!

Are people who do physically demanding, not-afraid-to-get-dirty jobs like farming, mining and sheep castration (yes, you read that right) the happiest people on earth? So says Mike Rowe, host of the Discovery Channel’s “Dirty Jobs.” See if he changes your mind about what it means to be happy at work.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tedtalks/mike-rowe-tedtalk_b_4351409.html

 

 
Leave a comment

Posted by on December 1, 2013 in think, trends

 
 
%d bloggers like this: